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Multilinguismo e bilateralitàNeurology and Bilingualism

Music and Medicine from East to West.

Questa ricerca vuole evidenziare l'importanza della musica associata alla medicina vista come pratica adottata dal mondo arabo in età medievale. il mondo occidentale sembra in seguito adottare la stessa metodologia.

Music and Medicine from East to West.
( Maria Rosaria D'Acierno )

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This research wants to highlight how important and advanced was the eastern world compared to the western civilization. My attention will focus on the philosophical field, but in the Muslim area, philosophy includes a large variety of subjects, and among them medicine and music. Medicine in the Islamic world also was “pluralistic, with various practices serving different needs and sometimes intermingling”. Thus, I am going to examine how hospitals in Baghdād (705), in Fes (in the early 8th century), in Cairo (800), in Damascus and Aleppo (1270) were organized, each one having its mental health department, in which psychiatric patients were cured by establishing a solid relationship with their doctors, whose first purpose was to talk to them and consider them as human beings and not broken machines (Israel). It was applied, in fact, for the first time in history, the actual and very satisfying practice of music therapy. Then, throughout the evaluation of music from Plato to Aristotle, and the well known Arab philosophers, I will analyze the link between medicine and psychology in Medieval Islam, and compare the techniques applied at that time to the methods used nowadays in western psychiatric hospitals. When talking about music within Islamic context, of course, it is necessary to examine its value, its origins, the instruments used, and how it is judged according to religious principles.

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